This second image is what we like to call a “cookie” cut. In this particular example, the log had sufficient length that allowed us to make a cut and improve the grade but not lose volume. It was a win-win from two directions: First, the defects on the end of both logs would have down-graded them to a grade 1 sawlog. But by making these cuts, both logs were upgraded to veneer logs and consequently, their value increased.
Doing these cut backs is not always a guaranteed win. Sometimes defects get worse. As is the case in this final picture, where the cut back shows the defect getting more severe as additional cuts were made.
By understanding what the market is looking for and the characteristics of trees, logical risks can be taken to improve the value of individual logs in order to get the best value from a forest.